Now is a good time to plash hedges, in doing which leave as many
stakes alive as can be done, and the growing wood laid down will make a sufficient
hedge until the new wood gets up to form a fence.
If all the business of the fallows be now finished, still the teams
ought not to stand still, - the irregular business of the farm ought always to
be executed at intervals, when there is less work of importance - such as
carting of earth, or lime, or manure's from neighbouring towns, or dressing sward
land with composts.
Cattle should be now all secure in their winter quarters.
It is now proper time to begin the building of stone fences; - if the
stones cut or break with ease, walls without mortar may be built nearly as
true as with, and last very long, - this work may continue through winter.
Fatting cattle of all sorts and fatting sheep, should now have as much
turnips, cabbages and other food as they like, provided no waste is made; the
sheep should always have a little hay by them in racks in the turnip field.
Calves should now have some turnips or potatoes cut small and mixed
with their other food.
It is the interest of all farmers to keep their stock in great
condition, particularly young animals, as they will come sooner to profit and are at
all times saleable. - Store cattle are far too much neglected in winter; -
animals when fat consume less food than in a lean state.
Turnips answer well for cattle, and are good food for store pigs,
particularly the roota-baga; a feed of turnips every night with a fodder of straw
is better than hay alone. Where there is necessity for great economy is the
use of straw, there will be required a larger accommodation in sheds and houses
for cattle. - Cows and calves thrive better in the house than when exposed to
the changes of the weather in a farmyard - the waste is not so great and the
manure is improved by the straw being eaten. When cattle are kept poor in
winter it is two or three months after being turned to grass in the spring before
they return to good condition.
Draining may be now begun, and on all wet lands is so indispensably
necessary, that no profit can be derived from farming without it; the first
years crop after this operation generally pays the expense of it, particularly a
crop of potatoes. - It is best to employ men skilled in the business, to avoid
the loss of cutting unnecessary drains.
Carefully cover turnips against frost.
Watering Meadows. There are very many situations where grass land may
be occasionally covered with water, and thus be improved and kept in a
perpetual state of fertility. - This operation is superior to any coat of manure, and
may be advantageously commenced this month; the expense of it is the least in
those places that have the most rapid current, and in no place should the
water stagnate on the land.
There are a great many implements used in cutting the land intended to
be watered, and is most prudent to employ in this work a skillful irrigator.