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On Friday last the inaugural exhibition of the Aspatria Agricultural Society
was held in a field called "Noble Croft", situate at the east end of the
village, and in many respects it proved a great success.  In the first
place, the committee took a bold step, but one in the right direction, in
throwing open the show to the United Kingdom; and this had the effect of
bringing into competition some of the best animals of the county, whereas if
the show had been limited to a narrow compass probably the display would
have been meagre, and not at all comparable with what we cannot describe
otherwise than as the capital show of yesterday.

Unfortunately the weather was not all that could be desired.  Early morning
gave signs of a tolerable fine day, but soon the leaden grey clouds began to
gather o'er head, and about noon rain fell fitfully.  Later in the day,
however, the ominous-looking black clouds gathered into a settled compact
mass, and then the rain came down in pretty heavy showers.

Though this might in a measure interfere with the enjoyment of visitors,
still it cannot be said to have had the effect of lessening the receipts at
the gate, for the number of visitors was larger than even the most sanguine
promoters of the exhibition could have expected.  The youth and beauty of
the neighbourhood turned out to give 'eclat' to the show and encourage the
committee in their spirited and praiseworthy enterprise.  The arrangements
of the secretary were carried out very efficiently, and we did not hear of a
single hitch in the day's proceedings to interfere with the general good
humour which prevailed.  Indeed, Mr. Kirkhaugh was uniformly civil and
obliging to all; and his attention went a long way in ensuring the success
of the exhibition.

And now as to the general character of the show.  A rapid glance round the
field sufficed to show that there was an excellent display of stock, the
short-horns being average, the other breeds of cattle very good; and the
horses exceptionally so; while of sheep and pigs the specimens were numerous
and first class as to quality.

A few of the prize winners deserve special mention.  There were 41 entries
under the head of shorthorns.  In the aged bull class, three animals were
entered, and they were all forward.  The winner, "Lord Ellendale", a big
roan, three years and five months old, is the property of Mr. Scott, of
Little Crosthwaite, and also won the third prize at Cockermouth, but was
only second at Whitehaven on Thursday.  In the class for bulls under two
years of age, first honours were awarded to a nice bull calf, eight months
old, the property of Mr. Grave, Mirkholme; while the second ticket was given
to a big lump of a bull, a year and eleven months old, the property  of Mr.
Highfield, Blencogo.  There was a capital display of cows and heifers in
calf or milk, but there was no beating Mr. Jefferson's perfect "Holly Bush",
which also won Mr.Paitson's cup for the best animal on the ground.  Mr.
Jefferson also took first and second honours for heifers calved in 1868, the
winner, "Beautiful", being the same animal that won at Carlisle.

The horses were the great attraction, and a finer display has seldom been
seen in this county.  In every class the competition was keen, and the
judges' discriminating powers were tested to the utmost in awarding the
prizes.  However, they succeeded in giving universal satisfaction.  The cart
horses were a very good lot throughout.  Coming to saddle horses, we found
one of the finest collections we have seen this year.  Mr. Baxter,
Broomfield, took first honours in the class for brood mares for saddle with
his bay mare which won Mr. Casson's prize at Carlisle last week.  The
one-year old colts were a handsome lot, and Sir Wilfrid Lawson's brown colt,
which we mentioned last week when it won at Wigton, as a splendid animal
full of merit, was again in the fore.  It is by "The Judge" out of a
"British Yeoman" mare, out of "Madame", the old prize mare of the late Sir
Wilfrid Lawson.  It combines quality with splendid action, and is, taken all
in all, the best colt we have seen this year.  Indeed, we are borne out in
this conclusion by the judges awarding to it Mr. Fisher's cup for the best
animal on the ground.  The other classes of saddle horses were capital.  In
the competition for harness brood mares, Mr. Thomas Morton, Longburgh, was
first with his big, fine mare, which won at Carlisle and Brampton, but was
beat at Penrith.  Passing on to the sweepstakes, we found that most interest
was centred here.  Six good looking animals appeared in the ring mounted to
compete for the prize for the best horse or mare four years old or upwards
for the field or saddle.  The first prize was given to Dr. Mitchell's gray
mare, the true type of a hunter,  Mrs. Thirlwall's bay, the winner of Mr.
George Moore's prize at Wigton, being only placed second; and one need not
be surprised at this, for Dr. Mitchell's grey stripped a more evenly made
animal, and was undoubtedly the thorough type of a hunter, whereas Mrs.
Thirlwall's big horse is scarcely sound, showing unmistakable signs of curby
flocks.  Mr. Watson, Bolton Park, showed a very nice lady's mare in this
class; and Mr. Saul, Westnewtown, was forward with his dark chestnut, a good
looking animal, but its appearance is rather spoiled by a somewhat mealy
coloured mane and tail.  The white blaze down its face, and the two white
hind legs, however, improve its looks, but it has rather short quarters, and
does not strip as well as one would expect.

to be continued.............


The Horses continued...............

Mr. Norman, Hall Bank, carried off first honours in the class for the best
colt or filly foal for saddle, beating Mr. Morton's foal, which won at
Penrith, Brampton, and Carlisle.  The latter's foal has grand limbs, but was
poor in condition.  It is by "Motley", and promises to grow into a valuable
horse.  It is a nice bay, with four black legs.  The hackney prize brought
out a fine display, Mr. Steel's brown hackney receiving the winning ticket,
and Mr. Railton's grey, second; the latter is the same animal as Mr. Casson
brought out with so much success last year.

The hurdle leaping was eagerly looked forward to, but it was robbed of much
of its attractiveness by the absence of that magnificent mare in black,
"Fanny Drape".  There were nine competitors, but these were soon reduced to
eight by Dr. Robinson's brown horse refusing to take the first hurdle,
though tried repeatedly.  The winner at Whitehaven, on Thursday, leaped very
well, but was not placed.  This little hunter, properly named "Midge", is a
capital jumper, and was second to "Fanny Drape" at Cockermouth.  She is a
brown with white face and three white legs, and was originally bought in
Ireland by Mr. Casson, sold by him to Mr. Hayton, solicitor, Cockermouth,
and after that gentleman had hunted with her a season, he sold her to her
present owner.  Mr. Railton's chestnut mare took first honours, and the
second and third prizes were divided between Mr. Milburn's chestnut mare and
Mr. Norman's black mare "Bessie" the latter in some particulars resembling
"Fanny Drape" in some of her actions, and is, in fact, got by the same sire
as Fanny, viz., "British Yeoman".  The leaping on the whole was tolerably
good.  Mr. Holliday's "Solway Lass" admirably ridden by young Mulcaster, did
her work better than we have seen her do before, though she does not like
leaping in a prize ring,with a crowd surrounding it.

There was an excellent display of sheep, and a small, but average show of
pigs.  No prizes were offered for implements, but there were some exhibited.

Appended are names of the judges and the list of awards: -


John Unthank, Esq., Netherscales, Penrith
Thomas Bell, Esq., Brampton Town Foot

George Coulthard, Esq., Lanercost
George Steel, Esq., Camerton Demesne

John Foster, Esq., The Nook, Longtown
James Beattie, Esq., Newbie House, Annan

to be continued..................



CATTLE - Shorthorns
    Bulls two-years old and upwards.  J. Scott, Little Crosthwaite, "Lord
Ellendale," £2;  2nd, Robert Ellwood, Cannonby Hall, "Wellington," £1.
Three entries.
    Bulls under two years old, age considered.  Stephen Grave, Mirkholme,
£2;  2nd, George Highfield, Blencogo, £1;  commended,  J. Littleton, Arkleby
Hall.  Twelve entries.
    Cows or Heifers, in calf or milk.  Robert Jefferson, Preston Hows, £2;
2nd, William Thompson, Aigle Gill, £1;  commended, William Parkin, Leegate.
Fourteen entries.
    Heifers calved in 1867.  William Parkin, £1;  2nd, Robert Jefferson,
10s.  Six entries.
    Heifers calved in 1868.  1st and 2nd. Robt. Jefferson, £1  10s.  Six

    Cows or Heifers of the Galloway or any other breed, except Shorthorns.
John Bewley, Warthole Guards, £2;  2nd George Smith, Papcastle, £1;  highly
commended, J. Atkinson, Aspatria;  commended, Joseph Barnes, Blennerhasset
Mill.  Eight entries.
    Heifers calved in 1867.  James Carruthers, Aspatria, £1;  2nd, William
Paitson, Aspatria, 10s.  Two entries.
    Heifers calved in 1868.  John Mattinson, Aspatria, £1;  2nd, William
Holliday, West House, 10s;  Eight entries.

WILLIAM PAITSON, ESQ., OF WHITEHAVEN, gave a Cup, value Five Guineas, for
the best animal in the above class, subject to certain conditions.  Awarded
to R. Jefferson's "Holly Bush."

HORSES - Cart.
    Brood Mares for Agricultural Purposes.  G. And G. Mawson, Cockermouth,
£1  10s;  2nd, John Iredale, Thackthwaite, 15s;  commended, Thomas Baxter,
Bromfield.  Five entries.
    One year-old Cart Filly.  Mrs. Graves, Ellen Hall Mill, £1;  2nd John
Rome, Mealrigg, 10s.  Four entries.
    One year-old Cart Colt.  Jonah Taylor, Ireby Mill, £1;  2nd, John
Mitchell, Blennerhasset, 10s.  Two entries.
    Two year-old Cart Filly.  John Iredale, £1;  2nd, Jon. Holliday,
Plumbland Mill, 10s;  commended, Thomas Roper, Threapland Hall.  Four
    Two year-old Cart Colt.  Mrs. Hall, Arkleby, £1;  2nd, John Stamper,
Waverton, 10s;  commended, Jonah Taylor.  Five entries.
    Three year-old Cart Filly.  John Todd, Mireside, £1.  One entry.
    Three year-old Cart Colt.  Matthew Harrison, Newlands Row, £1;  2nd,
William Parkin, 10s;  commended, Tom Hodgson, Flimby Hall. Three entries.

MR. JOHN ROBINSON, OF WIGTON, gave £1 for the best foal got by his horse
"Wanderer." - George Tordiff, Wolsty Stangs.  Three entries.


    Brood Mares for Saddle.  Thomas Baxter, £1  10s;  2nd, George Smith,
Papcastle, 15s;  commended, Henry Railton, Snittlegarth, and William
Beattie, Blennerhasset.  Nine entries.
    One year-old Fillies.  John P. Foster, Killhow, £1,  2nd William Norman,
Hall Bank, 10s;  commended W. F. Wilson, Gale.  Ten entries.
    One year-old Colts.  Sir Wilfrid Lawson, £1;  2nd, John P. Foster, 10s.
Seven entries.
    Two year-old Fillies.  H. Railton, £1;  2nd, George Ruddick, Arkleby,
10s;  commended, Henry Spark, Edderside.  Ten entries.
    Two year-old Colts.  William Beattie, £1;  2nd  H. Railton, 10s;
commended, W. Waugh, Allerby Mill.  Eight entries.
    Three year-old Fillies.  Thomas Milburn, Grinsdale, £1;  2nd, H.
Railton, 10s.  Eight entries.
    Three year-old Colts.  T. Hodgson, Flimby, £1;  2nd, William Norman,
10s;  commended, John Twentyman, Edderside.  Three entries.


    Brood Mares.  Thomas Morton, Longburgh House, £1  10s;  2nd, William
Norman, 15s;  commended, William Beattie.  Nine entries.
    One year-old Fillies.  William Norman, £1;  2nd John Arnott, Plumbland,
10s.  Five entries.
    One year-old Colts.  Thomas Baxter,£1;  Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 10s;
commended, Joseph Gorringe, Wellington Farm.  Five entries.
    Two year-old Fillies.  John Blackstock, Hayton Castle, £1;  2nd, William
Beattie, 10s;  commended, John Baxter, Langrigg.  Eleven entries.
    Two year-old Colts.  Leonard Potts, Wigton, £1;  2nd, John Todd,
Mireside, 10s;  commended, Fanny Brough, Goody Hills.  Four entries.
    Three year-old Fillies.  G. T. Carr, Silloth, £1;  2nd, Thomas Pirt,
Gilrux;  commended, John P. Foster.  Five entries.
    Three year-old Colts.  Sir W. Lawson, £1;  2nd, Joseph Barnes, Wolsty
Stangs, 10s.  Seven entries.

JOHN BLACKSTOCK, ESQ.,  OF HAYTON CASTLE, gave the following premiums for
foals and yearlings got by his horses "Langar" or "Allerdale".
    Filly Foals.-W. Waugh, £1.  Two entries.
    Colt Foals.-William Norman, £1;  2nd William
                      Pattinson, Aspatria, 10s. Six entries
    One year-old Fillies.-William Norman, £1;  2nd
                     John Arnott, Plumbland, 10s. Four
    One year-old Colts.-Sir W. Lawson, £1;  Wm.
                                    Waugh, 10s. Six entries.

to be continued.................


Awards continued............


    Colt or Filly Foal for Agricultural purposes.  John Iredale,
Thackthwaite.  Six entries
    Colt or Filly Foal for saddle.  William Norman.  Ten entries.
    Colt or Filly for Harness.  Stephen Mattinson, Aspatria.  Eight entries.
    Pony Foal, the dam to be under 14 hands.  George Moore, Whitehall.  Five
    Best Pony under 14 hands.  Robert Watson, Bolton Park;  2nd, H. A.
Clark, Aspatria;  commended, John Pearson, Langrigg.  Seven entries.


    Hackney brought into the ring mounted.  Thomas J. Steel, Southerfield;
2nd Henry Railton;  commended, Robert Watson.  Ten entries.

    Sweepstakes of 10s each, with £4 added, for the best jumper over four
hurdles, three times round;  the second to receive £1, and the third, 10s.
H. Railton, Snittlegarth;  Thomas Milburn, Grinsdale; and Wm. Norman, Hall
Bank, divided the second and third prizes.  Ten entries.

    Brood Mare for Saddle.  George Smith, Papcastle, beat H. Railton,
CHARLES FISHER, ESQ., OF DISTINGTON HALL, gave a Cup, value Five Guineas,
for the best animal in the above class, subject to certain conditions.
Awarded to Sir W. Lawson's one year-old colt.

SHEEP - Leicesters.
    Tup of any age, to be approved stock-getters.  Pattinson Hayton,
Crosshill, 15s;  2nd Robert Jefferson, 7s 6d.  Seven entries.
    Shearling Tups, ditto.  1st and commended, Robert Jefferson, 15s;  2nd,
John P. Foster, 7s 6d.  Eight entries.
    Pens of Three Ewes that have reared lambs this season.  Robert
Jefferson, 15s;  2nd John Todd, 7s 6d.  Six entries.
    Pen of Three Gimmer Lambs.  John Todd, 10s;  2nd, Robert Jefferson, 5s.
Six entries.

    Tups of any age, to be approved stock-getters.  1st and 2nd, William
Norman, £1  2s  6d.  Two entries.
    Shearling Tups, do.  George Moore, 15s;  2nd, William Norman, 7s 6d.
Seven entries.
    Pens of Three Ewes that have reared lambs this season.  1st and 2nd,
William Norman £1  2s  6d.  Four entries.
    Pens of Three Gimmer Lambs.  Sir W. Lawson, 10s;  2nd, William Norman,
5s.  Five entries.

    Pair of Gimmer Lambs of any breed.  Sir W. Lawson.  Four entries.
    Tup Lamb of any breed.  Robert Jefferson.  Six entries.
    Pair of Ewes of any breed.  Robert Jefferson.  Three entries.
    Pair of Leicester Gimmer Lambs.  John Todd. four entries.

    Boar of the Large breed, to be approved stock getters.  Thomas Hodgson,
Longnewton.  15s. One entry.
    Boars of the Small breed, do.  Andrew Scott, Westnewton, 15s.  One
    Sows in Pig or Milk, of the large breed.  1st and 2nd, Isaac Atkinson,
Aspatria, £1  2s  6d.  Two entries.
    Sows in Pig or Milk, of the small breed.  R. B. Hetherington, Parkhead,
15s;  2nd, John Mitchell,Blennerhasset, 7s  6d.  Three entries.

THE REV. W. HODGSON, OF STREATHAM, IN SURREY, formerly of Aspatria, gave the
following Special Prizes, to be competed for by Cottagers only.

    Basket or Collection of vegetables and other garden produce grown by
exhibitor.  William Ray, Tallantire, 15s;  2nd James Bushby, Oughterside,
12s  6d;  Robert Bell, Aspatria, 7s 6d.  Three entries.
    Milch Cow, 'bona fide' the property of a Cottager, subject to
conditions.  John Walton, Aspatria, 15s;  2nd, Thos.Oglanby, Plumbland, 12s
6d;  3rd, Robert Simpson, Gilcrux, 7s  6d;  4th Betty English, Westnewton,
5s.  Four entries.
    Cottager's Pig.  Joseph Richardson, Bower Bridge
15s.  Three entries.

    Donkey of any age, brought into the ring mounted, and leap over 18 in.
hurdles.  Joseph Davidson, Dearham;  2nd, Joh Harrison, Hayton.  Four


Six Swedes.  John Richardson, Crosscannonby;  2nd, Edward Kirkhaugh,
Aspatria; commended, William Beattie, Blennerhasset.
    Six long red Mangolds.  John Richardson;  2nd George C. Hope, Aspatria;
commended, Edward Kirkhaugh.
    Six yellow globe Mangolds.  John Richardson.
    Six yellow bullock Turnips.  William Beattie.

**This ends the Awards**
Will continue with the ASPATRIA AGRICULTURAL SHOW..............."DINNER"


                        THE DINNER

The dinner was held in the large hall of the Grapes Hotel, and a very
capital spread was put upon the table, although the waiting was somewhat
indifferent.  The chair was taken by Sir Wilfrid Lawson, Bart., of Brayton
Hall, and W. Paitson, Esq., of Whitehaven, acted as Vice-Chairman.  There
were also present...

Mr. Foster, Kilhow; Mr. H. P. Senhouse, Netherhall;  the Rev. E. Salkeld,
vicar of Aspatria;  the Rev. J. Bone, Westnewton;  Mr. W. Norman, Hall Bank;
Mr. Chirney, London;   Messrs. Todd, Mireside;  Edward Kirkhaugh,  Henry A.
Clarke,  Henry Thompson, V.S., Aspatria;  Lawrence Paitson,   James
Robertson,  and  Jonathan Robinson, Whitehaven;  John Twentyman, Edderside;
Wm. Hind, Oughterside;  Mr. J. W. Johnson,  G. C. Hope,  Wm. Pattinson,
Aspatria;  J. Casson, Burgh;  J. N. Hodgson, Wigton;  J. Todd, Mireside;
Robt. Norman, Carlisle;  J. Hodgson, Aspatria;  the stewards and judges of
the show &c.

The CHAIRMAN proposed the health of the Queen, the Prince and Princess of
Wales, and the rest of the Royal Family.  He could not help, the other day,
when reading the accounts of the health of the Emperor, comparing our happy
position with that of the French nation.  In France great alarm was felt on
account of the Emperor's illness, and he was afraid it was not felt very
much by those whom we might call the Emperor's personal friends.  He feared
the alarm was that if any disaster should happen to the Emperor there would
be an overthrow of his dynasty.  There was no fear of that kind in this
country.  If the Queen were to suffer any illness, we should all grieve, but
we should not fear for the permanence of her dynasty.  The reason of that
was that the Queen knows well she is but the exponent of her country's weal.
She had been the exponent of our country's weal and faithful to the
constitution she desires to observe, and in consequence her throne is
established more securely and permanently than the throne of any other
sovereign in the world (Cheers).

The VICE-CHAIRMAN, who was received with applause, proposed the members of
Parliament for Cumberland.  They were all aware that the members for the
County represented different opinions, but whenever any subject came before
Parliament relating to the agricultural interest every one of the members
had shown  a disposition to do what they could for the benefit of
agriculture.  He was sorry that there were not more of them present upon
that occasion, but those who were absent, were ably represented by the
worthy chairman, Sir Wilfrid Lawson, with whose name he begged to couple the
toast. (Applause).

The CHAIRMAN, who on rising was received with loud cheers, returned thanks.
He said - Mr. Vice-Chairman and Gentlemen, I thank you very heartily for the
honour you have done the House of Commons, in drinking the toast, and kindly
coupling my name with that toast.  I feel a difficulty in replying to it,
because in the first place I am alone.  I am the only member of the House of
Commons, who, unfortunately, happens to be present, and I cannot of course
properly express the sentiments of my colleagues.  I feel the difficulty
also because I see how much the speeches we members of Parliament make at
agricultural meetings of this kind are criticised. (Laughter).  I happened,
Mr. Vice-Chairman, before I came to the show to be reading a Carlisle paper
of this morning, in which there was an account of the Whitehaven
Agricultural dinner, at which I saw you had been one of the attendants; and
it appeared to me that the members of Parliament there spent most of their
time in explaining what they had said on former occasions. (Laughter).
There was one hon. member who had been supposed  by the press on a former
occasion  at Penrith to make a speech in favour of Protection, whereas we
find from his speech yesterday, I am happy to say, that he is an
enthusiastic advocate of Free Trade. (Much laughter).  We find another hon.
member at that dinner who it appears had misunderstood the speech which his
brother member had made upon the subject of free trade; and we find that at
Wigton, a gentleman who was not a member of Parliament had got so much
mystified that he expressed the warm friendship he felt at college for the
Lord Lieutenant of the county,when it really appeared that he had not been
at college until three years after the leaving of the Lord Lieutenant.
(Renewed laughter).

Under these circumstances, you will see, I must be very cautious, for traps
and pitfalls strew the ground on every side.  But I have one advantage over
my honourable colleagues, who have had all these difficulties in explaining
themselves;  because on referring to the dinner at which you were present
yesterday, you will find that the excuse, the explanation, and the
accusation made, was that they were after-dinner speeches.  (Laughter). Now
I am in the situation of being likely to speak exactly in the same strain
before and after dinner.  (A laugh).

I have another advantage -- the period of criticism is nearly over.  We have
so many shows in this county that what is said at one show forms a capital
topic for discussion at another, but now there are no more to come except
Sebergham and Ireby, and though the orators there may fire upon me, I shall
not be subject to such a fire of criticism as the hon gentlemen who spoke
before me were. (Laughter).  I thank you, gentlemen, for the honour which
you have done the House of Commons, and I assure you it will be our desire
to do the best we can for the country, and if we do that, I know that
although we shall obtain the support of those who hold strong political
opinions different from our own, we shall get the credit attaching to every
one who does his best for his country.  (Cheers).

to be continued...................


THE DINNER continues......

The CHAIRMAN next proposed the toast of the evening "Success to the Aspatria
Agricultural Association".  (Cheers).  He said  -  I may say without any
exaggeration that this has been a great day for Aspatria--(cheers)--and the
credit of what has taken place to-day is due to the energy, and the
enterprise, and the activity of the men of Aspatria themselves. (Cheers). I
disclaim all credit for having promoted in any way the successful show of
to-day.  When my friends proposed a show, I told them my honest opinion,
that we were overburdened  with shows in Cumberland almost, and all I have
done has been to say that I would subscribe to the show if they really
thought they could make it a success.  Well, they have done so, and having
put their shoulders to the wheel, all who have visited the field to-day know
that their enterprise has turned out a perfect and complete success.

We have, I think, at least a dozen agricultural shows in this county, and
that was my reason for thinking perhaps we had sufficient;  but the
proceedings of to-day have shown that there is room for one more.  (Hear,
hear).  And there is a great deal to be said for what are called the local
shows.  I think it was my friend, Mr. Foster, at Wigton, who said a word or
two very wisely, as I thought, in defence of them.  Many a man who is unable
to send his stock to a distance to a larger show to compete for more
valuable prizes, is able to send them when the exhibition is close at home,
and it gives an opening for unobtrusive merit.  At the larger shows the best
animal may be brought forward and exposed to the public, but better may be
hiden under a bushel, if I may use the term.  But, on the other hand, a man
who has a good beast "fit to beat 'out' at t'Royal Agricultural Show"  when
he brings it to this show and finds he is not equal to his neighbours in
Aspatria, he is saved a great deal of trouble from the idea that he is going
to make a wonderful beast. (Laughter).  I said that this was a local
association, but the gentlemen who manage the show acted in a very bold and
plucky manner by throwing it open to the whole country.

Mr. TODD, of Mireside  -  It is open to all comers.

The CHAIRMAN - Oh, my friend corrects me;  it is opened to the world.
(Cheers).  That shows great pluck, and it is a gratifying fact that many of
the animals which took the prizes, come from our own locality. (Cheers).  I
have not had any particular report of the show laid before me, but I hope we
shall have a word or two from one or two of the judges.  I only know that
the numbers were equal to anything we could have expected, and did not fall
far short of the old-established and prosperous Wigton Society's meeting the
other day.  (Cheers).  Therefore I shall not dwell on the merits of the
show;  as I have said, others can do so better than I can.  It is difficult
for one who does not profess to be a fully practical agriculturist to make
an instructive speech in proposing a toast of this kind, especially when the
ground has been gone over so often.  We members of Parliament take politics
for our profession, but party plitics most wisely are excluded from any
meetings of this kind, for in Cumberland we Blues and Yellows feel too
strongly to discuss our political principles over the festive board.  But
there are questions which are not exactly party questions which perhaps I
may allude to (Hear, Hear).

to be continued................................


THE DINNER continues
                         THE CHAIRMAN continues.........

There is an idea - no doubt a correct idea - that next year we shall have
legislation in regard to the tenure of land; not, I presume, in this
country, but in Ireland.  I only want to make one remark upon the subject,
and that is,it appears that in Ireland men who expend their labour, and some
portion of their capital upon the soil as tenant farmers in innumerable
instances do not get the value of that labour.  They are not allowed to
enjoy the fruits of their labour.  Putting the question in that way every
one sees that it is an unfair and unjust state of things and although I am
not going to sketch out an Irish land bill, legislation is required to
enable a man to enjoy the fair fruits of his own labour.  (Cheers).  I do
not know whether we don't want something of that sort in England also; but
that is looking a good way forward, and it is too wide and too contested a
question for me to go further into at this moment.  Perhaps legislation of
that sort may lead ultimately to the land being held in smaller portions;
it may lead to smaller holdings.I do not know that there would be a great
deal of evil in that.  I read the very interesting speech of Lord Stanley
the other day, who almost always takes a practical common sense view of any
matter he discusses -(Hear, hear) - and he said he set his face somewhat
against small occupations of land because the small occupiers would not be
able to devote sufficient capital to the cultivation of the soil.  That is a
sound objection, I dare say, so far as it goes, but I believe if we had land
divided into smaller holdings, the small holders could still employ
machinery for its cultivation by co-operation among themselves.

The small occupier could not buy expensive engines to work a small holding,
but a number of them might, by co-operation, obtain proper machinery for the
cultivation of the land,and might succeed in cultivating it almost as well
as if it were cultivated by more wealthy and larger holders.(Cheers).  And
that brings me to implements.

We had not many implements on the ground to-day, and really I don't think
that at small shows we do very much good by giving prizes for implements, as
we cannot expect the best implements to come to the small shows to receive
the small remuneration we are able to offer.  But, notwithstanding that, I
believe, the application of machinery and improved implements to the
cultivation of land is one of the most important questions of the day.  We
often hear it said at the dinners, and very truly said, that a man who makes
two blades of grass to grow where only one grew before, is a benefactor to
society.  True, but that man is an equal benefactor to society who enables
the labour of one man by means of machinery to accomplish what two men were
required to do before; and when we hear people say that machinery throws men
out of work, I think a fallacy operates upon their judgment. (Hear, hear).
It appears to me such people look upon work as the end.  Now work is only
the means. (Cheers).

If work were the end, he would be the cleverest and wisest man who could
employ  the most people in doing one thing; but we all know that if you get
work done by one man instead of two, it cheapens the article, benefits the
consumer, and benefits the whole people.  (Cheers).

I have ventured to make these few remarks, and I touched upon the
co-operation of farmers.  I believe you may do a good deal in that way not
only as regards machinery, but I believe you may do it as regards the
purchase of manures and of seeds.  I lately joined an agricultural
co-operation society because I thought it desirable to give it what little
encouragement was in my power.I hold in my hand a prospectus of that
society, and some of my friends and neighbours have already joined it and
others are doing so.Its object is to enable farmers to get pure and
unadulterated seeds and manures.I believe that hundreds of thousands, I may
say millions, of money have been lost by the agriculturists of this country
by getting improper and imperfect seeds. (Cheers).  The society deals not
only with shareholders, but with all others who may wish to purchase from
them, and they guarantee that their seeds shall be pure and their manure

And there is no object in their giving anything else but pure seeds and
manure, because the whole of the profit goes to the shareholders themselves,
and any attempt to impose bad articles upon their customers would be
imposing upon themselves.  (Hear, hear). I believe that if farmers generally
would join some scheme of this sort, they would save a considerable sum of
money in their agricultural operations.  (Cheers).  We are getting on well
in Asptaria.  We appreciate the benefits of machinery and of improved
agricultural implements.  What a change has taken place even in my

to be continued..................

THE DINNER continues
                               THE CHAIRMAN continues....

I  remember well when the first reaper was brought into this country by Mr.
Isaac Atkinson.  It used to make such a row that it frightened the horses,
and people heard it for miles off.  Some people laughed, but what is the
case now ? When I am walking over the country, I feel surprised when I come
to a field that is cut with hooks or sickles  -  every one almost uses a
machine.  (Cheers).  But not only are we getting on with machinery in
Cumberland - we seem to be excelling with our stock.  I got the other day a
report of the Manchester meeting of the Royal Agricultural Society, from
which I observed that no less than eleven prizes in the horse class went to
my friends and neighbours in different parts of Cumberland -(cheers)- and
although we did not quite so well in regard to cattle, that was perhaps
because Mr. Foster did not show.  (Laughter.)  Yet we came very near winning
the head prize for aged bulls - what I call the blue ribbon in the
agricultural world - for Mr. Saunders, of Nunwick Hall, came second with his
bull Edgar.  That all speaks well for the way in which we are getting on in
Cumberland, and I believe we shall be able to go on holding our own and keep

It requires energy, it requires activity, it requires perseverance; and all
I hope for the Aspatria Agricultural Society is that it will tend to
stimulate that activity, to increase that energy, and to sustain that
perseverance, so that when the time comes, that must come to every human
thing, for all to be disestablished - (a laugh) - those who have promoted
and sustained it may be gratified by the recollection that in their day and
generation they have done something to improve the agriculture of their
(Loud Cheers).

Mr. FOSTER, of Killhow, proposed  "The givers of special prizes, Mr. Paitson
and Mr. Fisher."  He was glad to find gentlemen like these coming forward
and giving special prizes; and he quite agreed with all Sir Wilfrid Lason
had said in regard to district shows and the encouragement they gave to
small breeders, by whom they must remember the great bulk of cattle in this
country was produced. (Cheers).  Nothing tended more to the encouragement of
these breeders than looking after every horse, cow, sheep, and pig they
employed.  (Hear, hear).  It was most important that they should not
hesitate to spend 10s instead of half-a-crown, if by so doing they could
secure the sevices of a well-bred animal, whether it were a stallion, a
bull, a ram, a boar, or anything else, even down to ducks. (Laughter).

There was one remark he wished to make to the committee, he did not wish by
any means to find any fault, but there had been a great deal of delay in the
leaping hunters, but he had no doubt that would be remedied another year.
He (Mr. Foster) would have a great deal of pleasure in doing all he could
for the prosperity of the society, and he had no doubt that it would prove a
great success.  He begged to propose the toast with three times three.

The VICE-CHAIRMAN said he felt greatly indebted to Mr. Foster for the very
kind way in which he had spoken of Captain Fisher and himself.  Captain
Fisher had asked him to say that owing to an affliction in his family he had
been prevented from being present, but he could assure them that he knew
that Captain Fisher was deeply interested in the prosperity of Aspatria, and
would at all times be ready to come forward to do what he could for the good
of the town. (Cheers).  He was only very sorry that he was unable to be
present upon that occasion.

to be continued................


THE DINNER continued
                         THE VICE-CHAIRMAN continues

The Chairman had been born in the same parish as himself, and they were each
about the same age, and he observed (alluding to their baldness) that the
Chairman like himself, had lost a little thatch. (Laughter).  That gave them
the advantage of having cool heads, and they had already heard much to
convince them that their Chairman was wide awake.  (Laughter and cheers).
They had had a meeting at Aspatria, and had discussed the question of local
shows, and had determined to help themselves.  He had thrown out a
suggestion at Whitehaven to hold the shows in the West of Cumberland, first
at one place, and then at another, and then they would be able to give
better prizes and perhaps bring stock from a greater distance, and, if they
had not the Royal Agricultural Society's Show, they could have at least a
little royal show of their own.  (Cheers).

He (Mr. Paitson) had a week at Manchester while the Royal Show was being
held there, and he never spent a week better in his life.  That was a
splendid show, and they took no less than £17,000 for entrance money, a sum
much in excess of what had been taken upon any previous occasion, but no
doubt the receipts had been considerably augmented by people who had gone to
see the Princess of Wales.  For his own part he would rather see a good
shorthorn, although in saying that, he did not mean any disloyalty.

He must say that he had to congratulate them upon the show at Aspatria that
day; it was considerably better than the one held at Whitehaven, and he
thought they ought to be proud of their first show.  He hoped that against
another year, when the committee had some more experience, that they would
even be able to do better than they had done that day.  He begged to thank
them on behalf of Captain Fisher and himself.

Mr. BLACKSTOCK proposed the health of the Judges..  The exhibitors brought
the best stock they had, and if they won a prize when they sent them, it was
generally attributed to the Judges. (Laughter).  It was the same way in
coursing.  An acquaintance of his went to the Scottish National meetings and
he said to him, "Well, how did you come on?'  His friend replied, "Oh, I was
beaten."  He asked him, "Who beat you?' and his friend replied, "Oh, the
beggar that beats them all, the Judge."  (Roars of Laughter.)  The horses at
the show that day had been excellent.  He had been at Cockermouth, and
Whitehaven, and did not think he had seen so good a class anywhere.

Mr. GEORGE COULTHARD, of Lanercost, returned thanks.  He said it had been a
great pleasure to the judges to assist in launching into existence this most
enterprising society. (Cheers).  He trusted they would not rest satisfied
until they had placed it in a most prominent position among the societies of
the county.  (Cheers).  Speaking of the horses for field and harness, of
which he had been one of the judges, he congratulated the committee upon
bringing into their field a most valuable collection of horses, and also
upon their arrangement of the classes.  It was not often they found that
local societies made provisions for dividing the classes as had been done
that day.  The field and harness horses having been shown separately, that
made the duties of the judges much more easy than they would otherwise have

Cumberland, as they were well aware, had ever taken a most prominent part in
the breeding of horses.  Thanks to gentlemen such as the late Mr. Richard
Ferguson,  Mr. Blackstock,  the Messrs. Moffat, and the redoubtable
exhibitor, Mr. Casson, of Burgh -(cheers)-they in Cumberland had always been
supplied with first-class blood sires.  But he feared that prestige would
depart from them if they were not more careful about the mares they bred
from.  (Hear, hear).  A few years ago he had been talking to a friend of his
who was a good judge of horses, who had told him that he had been standing
at the door of the King's Arm Hotel at Wigton, and it was painful to him to
see how many inferior mares were used for breeding purposes.  He well
remembered the time when he used to visit the Abbey Holme and Wigton, and
see the grand old mares which the "Grand Turk", "Nimrod", and "Corinthian"
had left behind them.  (Hear, hear).  Many were now inclined to breed from
old mares, because they were favourites, and they would like to perpetuate
the same strain, or because they had been slightly injured in some way; but
he hoped the Cumberland breeders would try and keep up their prestige and
look to the brood mares, and try and maintain the fame which they had won.
(Cheers).  He cordially approved of district shows, and thought great
advantages were to be derived from the localisation of improvement.

to be continued...............


THE DINNER continued
               the Rev. EDWARD SALKELD replies....

The Rev. EDWARD SALKELD proposed the health of the Chairman in highly
complimentary terms.  It was true that, like some other members of
parliament, Sir Wilfrid had a hobby, but like Archdeacon Paley he did not
object to a man who rode a hobby, provided he did not compel others to get
up behind his back.  (Cheers).  Sir Wilfrid rode a hobby, but he did not
want others to get up behind him; it was "permissive".  (Laughter).  He
would let them sit still, so that they had no fear at all that their worthy
chairman would take away from them the comforts of life. (Laughter).  One
member of Parliament to whom he had applied for a subscription said he did
not approve of small village societies, which were like small village races,
and injurious to the larger ones.  But he contended, on the contrary, that
they were feeders to the large shows; and just as when they dropped a stone
into a pool of water, the circles would enlarge until they got to the extent
of the pool, so the effects of their small societies would be felt until
they got to the Royal.  (Cheers).

The CHAIRMAN returned thanks.  At Wigton he had had to deprecate the
persistent manner in which his friends would call him a young man, but
to-day the Vice-Chairman had come to the rescue in his happy allusions to
his venerable appearance. (Laughter).  That henceforth he hoped would put a
stop to those accusations of extreme youth which were levelled against him
on the hustings at Carlisle and elsewhere.  (Cheers and Laughter).  He was
afraid there was not much chance of the vice-Chairman's suggestion about
amalgamating different societies being carried out, because it had been
agitated so often at many agricultural meetings without being acted upon,
though he was not sure it was not the best plan.  Mr. Foster, Mr. Salkeld,
and other practical men in the district thought local societies were feeders
to the large ones, and if they could not get the societies to amalgamate
they must go on and do the best they could for the success of their local
associations.  (Cheers).

Having alluded to his personal appearance, he had still another remark to
make.  His friend, Mr. Salkeld, has alluded to his hobby.  Well, if a man
did go to the expense and trouble of keeping a hobby, he was a great fool if
he did not ride it and get what he could out of it.  (Laughter).  He was not
going into Parliamentary matters, although he had "permission".  (Laughter).
He was not going to allude to the Permissive Bill, which a great many of
them thought the greatest rubbish in the world, but he knew his kind-hearted
neighbours  in that district knew it was not with any idea of the
destruction of anybody's comfort, but because he believed it would add to
the comfort of the whole community that he promoted that measure.  (Cheers).
He was glad to say that he had won the cup for the best horse on the field,
and he was very much pleased with it, although a friend had jocularly
suggested to him that it ought not to have been a goblet, but a teacup.

The VICE-CHAIRMAN proposed the successful and unsuccessful exhibitors.

Mr. W. NORMAN, of Hall Bank, in responding for the successful exhibitors,
said there had been much talk about Protection.  The protection tenant
farmers required was, not to resort again to the old protective policy of
this country, but they wanted security for their capital, they wanted to
have conditions in their farm leases and agreements similar to those which
their worthy chairman was about to grant to his tenants.  (Cheers).  Sir
Wilfrid Lawson was about to give them free trade in farming.  (Hear, hear).
Free trade had been found to answer in this country when applied to the
mercantile and commercial world, and he had no doubt it would be found to
answer equally well when applied to the farming community.  (Cheers).  They
had been up to the present time, he was sorry to say, tied up by all sorts
of obsolete conditions - conditions which prevented the flow of capital to
the cultivation of the soil, simply because there was no security for
capital.  He thought the tenant was entitled to equal security with the
landlord for the outlay of his capital.  (Cheers).

Mr. G. C. HOPE, of Yarrow House, returned thanks for the unsuccessful
competitors, remarking, however, that he had not been altogether
unsuccessful, for he had obtained a second prize for mangold wurzel, and if
he had selected his samples better, he believed he would have obtained the
first.  (Laughter).

The CHAIRMAN proposed "The Tenant Farmers".  Mr. Norman had alluded to
conditions which they had in contemplation to lay down regarding the
tenancies of his estate, which he had called "free trade in farming".  He
himself should not have said anything about it if it had not thus been
referred to, but he might say he did intend to attempt something of the sort
indicated.  He believed the landlord ought to let the farm work to the best
of his ability to make money.  They must of course have conditions that the
tenant left the property as good as he found it, but that was all the
landlord had any right to claim.

It was a question of what machinery they must employ to bring that about.
He believed by making a condition that the landlord should pay for any
improvement which the tenant made to the permanent value of his farm - in
the same way as the tenant had to pay for any deterioration during his
tenancy - he would be able to obtain a superior class of agriculturists, and
also to secure a larger production from the land.  (Cheers).  He did not
know that he thoroughly understood the best machinery to bring that about,
but he hoped to adopt some plan of that kind, and he hoped at some future
meeting of the Agricultural Society to tell them that it had succeeded well
and satisfactorily.  (Cheers).

There were calls for Mr. Blackstock to return thanks, but that gentleman
remarked that he had been once on his legs and rather hard run, and "once
slipped is plenty".  there were then calls for

Mr. JONATHAN BOUCH who responded....

to be continued...............


THE DINNER continues
                      MR. JONATHAN BOUCH responds

His friends had thrown it back in his teeth that he knew nothing about
agriculture - that he had not supped a great lot of poddish and
butter-milk - (laughter) - but he had always imagined that he had been
brought up to agricultural pursuits - in making butter churns and the like.
(Laughter).  As to the question of free trade, he remembered in days gone
by, farmers used to sit in the "Tom and Jerry shops" with pewter pots before
them saying, "Down with Cobden and John Bright !"  and "Everlasting life to
Protection !"  (Laughter).  Those were men who imagined at the time that
they were in the right track - men who still imagined it - but free trade
was accomplished, and what had been the result ?  The farmers whose old
hedges, at the time he had alluded to, occupied one part of their fields,
and water another, had turned out and burst away from the Tom and Jerry
shops, called together their scattered elements of strength, and awakened
their dormant energies - (loud cheers and laughter) - and by six years after
the corn laws were repealed, the hedges were pruned and the water was gone,
and the meadows, which before grew nothing but rushes, were now fruitful
fields, producing the most luxuriant crops of grass that he ever saw in his
life.  (Renewed laughter and cheers).

Protection had been the greatest sluggard that ever crippled the energies of
any nation. (Cheers).  There had been a good deal of talk from time to time
about courses of management and so on.  The best manager of land, and the
best farmer, was he who knew how to produce the most beneficial results from
the particular acres which he himself occupied.  (Cheers).  The same
description of management would not answer in two farms, one adjoining the
other. (Hear, hear).  He knew very little about farming for his part -
(laughter) - but an old jolly farmer, with a rare round belly on him - just
like himself - (laughter) - had come and said to him the other day "Do you
think it will be of any use sowing any more barley?  Folks are all giving up
eating barley bread, and if the right hon. baronet knocks beer on the head
it will be all up with us."  (Much laughter).

He had replied that he thought Sir Wilfrid's bill would not be passed in a
minute or two.  (Laughter).  the jolly old farmer had gone on to say that
"If Sir Wilfrid's bill pass, there will be a collapse - our bellies will
stick to our backs - (laughter) - and before three months were over our
friends would not know us again - we will be so shrivelled and
'mummymised'."  (Roars of Laughter).  He had reassurred his interrogator by
pointing out to him that the magistrates of the county - far seeing men -
saw the great "drought" coming -(laughter)-and at Brewster Sessions were
preparing for the great change by knocking off the public houses by nice
quiet degrees-(laughter)-and he was sure Sir Wilfrid Lawson would "let the
bill lie over" two or three sessions.  (Renewed laughter).  There was no
better judge of mankind than Sir Wilfrid; and he would let the bill quietly
sleep for two or three sessions while the nation was in training, preparing
for the great change. (Laughter).  He had told his friend that he need not
be afraid to sow his barley till Sir Wilfrid was likely to obtain his great
bill.  (Cheers and laughter).

Mr. RAILTON gave the "Committee of Management", complimenting them highly,
and asking them all to continue in office.

Mr. HENRY THOMPSON responded.

The VICE-CHAIRMAN gave the health of the Secretary, and Mr. KIRKHAUGH
acknowledged the compliment.

Mr. JONATHAN BOUCH gave "The Vice-Chairman."

The VICE-CHAIRMAN, in responding said as to the question of leases and the
security for tenants' capital, that the whole question could be put in one
word "confidence."  Let landlords choose good men for their tenants and
tenants choose good men for their landlords, and have confidence in one
another, and that would be better than all the leases that all the attorneys
in England could draw up.  (Laughter and cheers).

The Rev. E. SALKELD interpolated the toast of "The Press;"  and Mr. W. STEEL
returned thanks on behalf of the representatives present.

The CHAIRMAN proposed the last toast on the list "The Bonnie Lasses of
Cumberland"  Before doing so, he referred to the remarks of the
Vice-Chairman.  No doubt a great thing in getting a good tenant was finding
an honest man.  But that was not business.  (hear, hear).  If all men were
honest they would want no rules, and the Vice-Chairman would not have much
to do.  (Laughter).  But they might not find an honest man, and in order to
do business in a satisfactory manner they must have such rules and
regulations as would enable them to carry it on when one party - whether
landlord or tenant - should try to get an advantage.  (Cheers).  He was
sorry to differ from the Vice-Chairman; but if they were to lay their heads
together for a short time, they might not differ so much after all. (Hear,

Turning to the subject of the toast, he said he was looking forward with
pleasing anticipation to the time when he might have in his constituents a
number of most amiable ladies. (Laughter).  They all, whether members of
Parliament or not members of Parliament, were happy to think they had the
ladies for their friends.  (Cheers).

Mr. KIRKHAUGH responded on behalf of the fair sex.  He mentioned that he had
the names of 15 ladies on his list of subscriptions, representing 13
guineas.  (Cheers).

The company then separated at about half-past six o'clock.