AGRICULTURE

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LOCAL AND OTHER
AGRICULTURAL NOTES.

       Mr. George ASHBURNER, of Low Hall, Kirkby-in-Furness, was one of the
judges of shorthorn cattle at the Royal Dublin Society Spring Show.

       Moles are very troublesome on many farms just now. Where soils are
infested with wireworm, there cannot be too many moles; but where it is desired
to thin the latter, an easy and cheap method is to produce some earthworms,
rolls these in nux vomica powder, procurable from any chemist, open out the run
of the moles, place in the worms, the moles will eat the latter, and be
poisoned.

       Two troubles many farmers have this busy season of the year, and
distracting attention from the work of seed time. One is milk fever amongst the
spring calvers. A very simple and safe remedy is to give a bran mash for three or
four mornings before calving into which is placed a teaspoonful of linseed
oil. This keeps the bowls open, making calving easier, and prevents "drop."

       The other is the trouble arising from scour in calves, The real cause
of scour or diarrhea in calves is indigestion. Some portion of the milk taken
into the stomach escapes, or defies the action of the gastric juices, whose
work is to prepare the food for entering into the system through the blood,
consequently, this portion, which is not so acted on, enters the bowels in an
unfit state, to be taken up by the vessels, and so it acts as an irritant to the
delicate lining membrane of the bowels, causing scour and diarrhea. The actual
causes of the above stated things are the small number of times a calf is
allowed to feed as compared with what takes place in a natural state, whereby the
calf takes on a larger amount at a meal than can be properly digested at one
time or the milk or food itself is not of such quality  that can be acted on
thoroughly by the digestive fluids, frequently not having the normal
constituents of milk in relative proportions to the requirements of the calf.

       Some lime water added to milk, when calves are being fed  from buckets
frequently has a beneficial effect in checking diarrhea. Some persons plunge
a red hot poker into the milk before giving it to the calves for the same
purpose. When young calves are being reared chiefly on skim milk, before they
begin to eat solid food in any quantity, linseed gruel should always be added to
the milk, as this nutritious, and being of an oily nature, it takes the place,
to a certain extent, of the cream which has been abstracted. When it is
necessary to resort to medicines to check scour the treatment should commence with
the administration of a dose of castor or linseed oil, and this followed with a
powder composed of prepared chalk, 8 ozs. powdered catechee, 1oz.; powdered
aniseed, 1 oz., powdered ginger, 1/2 oz.; powdered opium, 2 drachms thoroughly
mixed, and given two or three times a day, in cold flour gruel, the dose for a
calf from two to ten weeks old being one tablespoonful.

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