THE LONGEST DAY AND THE SHORTEST DAY. -- On the morning of the longest day in the present year many ponds were covered with ice; on the morning of the shortest day the thermometer stood at 50 or nearly 24 degrees higher, and primroses are now in full blossom in many places.  The Rev. Dr. GODFREY, Grosvenor-place, has crocuses in an advanced state. -- Bath Journal.