The Times, Tuesday, Dec 14, 1830; pg. 4; Issue 14409; col A


                                     STATE OF THE COUNTRY.
                                              --------------
                                    (From the Carlisle Journal.)

On Monday morning the magistrates again met at the gaol. Sir James GRAHAM had
arrived on the preceding evening. The result was the publication of the
following notice: -

                                                   "CAUTION.

"We, the undersigned Magistrates of the County of Cumberland, having this day
assembled in consequence of the recent felonious outrages which have taken place
in the neighbourhood of Carlisle, by the burning of stacks, and riotously
preventing the exertions used for extinguishing the fires, do hereby give
notice, that the utmost vigilance will be directed to the discovery and
apprehension of all persons implicated in such crimes, and that no exertions
shall be wanting to prevent the repitition of proceedings so flagrant and
disgraceful to the country.

"We deeply regret that the caution issued by the magistrates assembled on the
13th of November last, has not had the desired effect of preventing the nightly
processions which have repeatedly taken place in Carlisle. We disclaim all
intention whatever of interfering with the proper and lawful expression of
public opinion by any class of His Majesty's subjects, but we are at the same
time bound to declare, that all such nightly processions as have taken place
(whatever be the object and intentions of the persons originating or attending
such processions, or by whatever banners or placards they are accompanied), are
unlawful, and highly dangerous to the public peace. It becomes therefore our
duty most earnestly to exhort and entreat all persons in future to abstain from
engaging in such processions, and to declare our firm and unanimous
determination to take effective measures to resist any such proceedings, and
secure the apprehension and punishment of persons engaging in them. Dated the
6th day of December, 1830."

We must now return to the incendiaries. On Sunday evening about dusk, a fire was
discovered in a wheat-stack, situate on Dalston-common, belonging to Mrs.
RICHARDSON, widow of the late J. RICHARDSON, Esq. of Dalston. The reflection of
the light was seen at Carlisle, and excited great alarm; but the precise
locality of the fire and its extent were unknown. It appears that two stacks had
been on fire; but one of them was extinguished before much damage was done. The
other was entirely consumed. Many of the people assembled assisted in the
endeavour to put out the fire, and no obstacles whatever, so far as we have been
able to ascertain the fact, were thrown in the way of those who were engaged in
saving the property from destruction.

This is the only fire we have heard of in this neighbourhood. The farmers
generally throughout the county are in very great alarm; and in most places have
established a sort of watch and ward around their property. We understand it is
intended to swear in nearly all the farmers as special constables; and it is not
improbable but the county will be divided into sections, with some active person
at the head of each, in a manner similar to that adopted in the western district
of Sussex. Indeed this plan is already partly acted upon. An association has
been formed within a circle of three miles round Raughton-head, for the
protection of property, and for the preservation of the public peace and good
order. They muster at present nearly 250 respectable individuals, who have
agreed to watch during the night in such numbers as circumstances may appear to
require - doing so, of course, in rotation, and to place themselves under the
orders of a captain for the night. They have already built a watch-house, with a
beacon attached, on Raughton-head-hill. They have two horses in readiness on the
spot, and have adopted every means of alarming the whole district in a very
short time in case of need. They are determined, we hear, to detain all trampers
who may be found in their district either by night or day, until they can give a
satisfactory account of themselves.

A proclamation was published, calling upon the Chelsea pensioners to be sworn in
as special constables. In the afternoon a great number of them were called
together at the Town-hall, and sworn in. Sir James GRAHAM was present, and
briefly explained to them the object in calling them out; and concluded by
saying that if they did their duty when called upon, their pensions would be
continued; but if they did not, they would be reported, and their pensions
stopped.

Up to the period of our going to press (Friday evening) every thing remained
perfectly tranquil. Threatening letters, we understand, have been received by
several gentlemen in the town and neighbourhood, but we hope the active measures
taken by the magistrates, and the determination evinced by the farmers to
protect their properties, will deter the incendiaries from a repitition of their
daring outrages.