The Times, Friday, Aug 12, 1825; pg. 3; Issue 12730; col A

                               SUMMER ASSIZES.
                      CARLISLE, TUESDAY, AUG. 9.                                       
Before Mr. Justice BAYLEY.

Mr. Justice BAYLEY took his seat on the bench in the Criminal Court, at nine
o'clock, and after the grand jury, of which Lord LOWTHER was foreman, had been
sworn, shortly addressed them on their several duties. After congratulating them
on the lightness of the calendar, he proceeded to praise one of the committing
magistrates, for having adopted a form not generally used, but which it would be
well if other magistrates would admit - he meant that of stating that the
evidence of the witnesses was taking in the presence and hearing of the
prisoner. This rendered it easy to render the depositions of a witness evidence,
in case he died before the trial came on. He also congratulated them on having
got a new gaol, which was built on the best system for classifying the
prisoners, and for ensuring to all of them such a system of labour as would
enable them, on their returning to society, to support themselves by the fruit
of their own labour.

John WILSON was put to the bar, charged with stealing two sheep, the property of
a farmer, called TOPPING.

The prisoner pleaded "guilty."

Mr. Justice BAYLEY informed the prisoner, that pleading not guilty would not
aggravate his offence, nor would pleading guilty alter his punishment. He
therefore advised him to plead not guilty.

The prisoner replied that he was guilty, and implored the mercy of the Court, as
he had a wife and five small children.

Mr. Justice BAYLEY told the prisoner that in pleading not guilty, he was not
guilty of an untruth; it was only desiring that he should be put upon his trial.

The prisoner persisted in saying that he was guilty. In his opinion, he should
be adding to his crime by denying it.

The plea of "Guilty" was then recorded.

Hannah WELLS was put to the bar, charged with stealing a few bottles of wine.
When called upon to plead, she stood mute, and the gaoler said he believed her
to be of unsound mind.

A jury was empanelled to try that question, and found her to be non compos