Carlisle, Friday, November 1, 1844


The 'Caledonia' Steamer, which arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday, brings
intelligence from New York to the 15th October.  It refers principally to
the elections, the results of which are generally favourable to the "Whigs",
as the American Conservatives are termed.  Is is said, however, that the
majorities have not been large, although the ascendency of the Whigs has
been secured.  In other respects the news brought by the 'Caledonia' is
devoid of interest.

The London papers bring no news of importance.  The position of the Spanish
government continues to occupy the French papers;  but they merely indulge
in speculations on the subject, no new fact having been developed.  It is
stated that the French authorities have given positive instructions that the
Spanish refugees should be strictly "watched", great numbers having passed
the frontier, who are suspected of being in communication with influential
parties in Barcelona.

There is no domestic news of the slightest interest;  but we regret to
perceive that a fatal accident has occurred in the experimental mines at
Chatham, by a premature explosion, in consequence of which a person named
SULLIVAN was killed, and several other parties placed in great jeopardy.
Immediately after the accident, all further operations on the works ceased,
and it is understood will be totally abandoned.


In our last page will be found a detailed account of the imposing
ceremonial, with which our beloved Sovereign indentified herself with the
Commercial interests of her people, by opening in person the Royal Exchange
in London  --  now restored with increased splendour after its calamitous
destruction by fire in 1838.

Never, perhaps, was a Royal visit made to the City under happier auspices,
or on a more truly National occasion;  and the demonstrations of Loyalty
with which her Majesty was received were not unworthy the event.


The fitful energy which the more active members of the League exhibited at
the recent meeting at Manchester has very properly been considered rather as
an indication of decline than of the strength of the faction.  They met
because not to meet was to acknowledge that their occupation was gone, and
themselves were utterly powerless;  but when they met, they found themselves
without one of their old staples for agitation to discourse upon.  They were
compelled to admit, by their silence, the present prosperity of the country,
under the happy co-operation of the interests they have recently endeavoured
to place in hostility to one another, and of those institutions they seek to
destroy.  They know that agriculture flourishes, and is making the most
rapid strides in improvement, and they know also that trade, commerce, and
manufactures are reaping the benefits of its prosperity in a profitable
activity unknown for years.  Wages, too, have increased and are increasing,
in all the manufacturing districts, and, above all, home-grown bread and
provisions of all kinds are abundant and cheap.  the League are in
consequence without a topic upon which they can rely to feed that discontent
from which alone they exist.


From the tenor of the Report of the Commissioners for inquiring into the
condition of Lunatics, and the communications that have since issued from
the Home Office to the various Benches of County Magistrates, there is every
reason to believe that measures will be proposed, in the ensuing Session of
Parliament, for revising the whole system of the present arrangements for
providing for the safety and comfort of Lunatics - an unfortunate class of
the community, above all others requiring the utmost care on the part of the
Legislature.  Everything connected with the subject must therefore become a
matter of great interest to the public, and especially in this and the
neighbouring county of Westmorland, where at present no public institutions
exist for the reception and treatment of the insane.

It will be in the recollection of our readers, that Mr. HASELL, the Chairman
at the Quarter Sessions, introduced the subject recently at Cockermouth,
when a Committee was appointed to obtain information for the guidance of the
Bench;  and then it appeared to us that no objection was raised to the
establishment of a County Lunatic Asylum beyond that arising from the very
serious expence it would prove to the rate-payers.  Upon this particular
point however, we cannot help thinking that the permanent necessary annual
outlay will not be found so great as to prevent the institution of what
would in other respects be so desirable.

In other counties well regulated and most efficient establishments exist,
without occasioning serious complaints from the rate-payers, and upon the
subject of the first cost we beg to direct the attention of our readers to
an extract which we publish elsewhere, from the 'WESTMORLAND GAZETTE' which
we believe may be taken to speak the sentiments of the Westmorland
Magistrates upon the question.  It seems clear that the want of an asylum
for this district cannot be denied;  and a suggestion is made for meeting
the expense, at least in part, which is deserving of serious consideration.

We give no opinion as to the expediency or propriety of appropriating the
fund alluded to by our contemporary to the purposes of an Asylum;  but we
are quite of opinion that the efforts of private benevolence and liberality
may be well and successfully directed to the erection and maintenance of
one, suited to the position and exigencies of the two counties, without
imposing any intolerable burden upon the county rate.

The shipments of potatoes from the Isle of Man have commenced, and large
cargoes are leaving that island for Liverpool.

family, have been placed in mourning by the demise of the REV. THOMAS
MANNERS SUTTON, who expired on Sunday last, at the Rectory, Averham, Notts,
in his 55th year.  He was grandson of LORD GEORGE MANNERS SUTTON, great
uncle of the DUKE OF RUTLAND.  He was subdean of Lincoln, and was previously
a canon of that cathedral establishment, and rector of Averham.

CORBY PLEASURE GROUNDS. - On Wednesday last, these beautiful grounds were
closed for the season to the public;  but the last day was one of unusual
festivity.  Great numbers proceeded to Corby by a special train, accompanied
by a band, &c.  Dancing was speedily the order of the day, which was
witnessed, and even shared in, by P. H. HOWARD, Esq., and his lady, who
appeared to derive sincere satisfaction from the hilarity that prevailed.

THE WEATHER - During the week we have had a succession of seasonable
weather, with cold and high winds.  The nights have been occasionally
frosty;  and ample evidence may be found in the many-coloured, but falling
foliage, that the autumn is drawing to its close.  Notwithstanding the fall
of rain of late has been very trifling, the weather is considered favourable
for the field and garden operations incidental to this period of the year.

MR. CARTE'S CONCERTS. - On Saturday last, MR. CARTE gave a morning and
evening concert in Carlisle, which were universally admitted to be the most
remarkable for the combination of distinguished performers of any hitherto
held in this city.  The 'elite' of the opera performed, and although the
attendance was by no means what it ought to have been, it was highly
respectable, and, for Carlisle, numerous.  It is not necessary that we
should dwell upon the merits of performers so well known as SIVORI, PIATTI,
F. LABLACHE, DOHLER, and CARTE, but we may be allowed, as of individuals
less known, to express our satisfaction of the very tasteful singing of MISS
STEELE, and the exquisite humour of RUSSELL, the American.  His "maniac" was
full of pathos, and well executed, but we admired most his "Mamma, Mamma",
in which he did full justice to that deservedly popular composition of
BLEWITT's, of whom, by the way, we believe MR. RUSSELL was a pupil.