Transcribed by unknown author unknown author
Edition: February 16, 1877 February 16, 1877
In the sixth page the reader will find a report of the resolutions of the County Cattle Plague Committee, which met in this city on Saturday last. The Rinderpest, which prevails in Germany and Denmark, has made its appearance in the Metropolitan district, and is spreading there. The Government are acting with the vigour which the occasion requires, but, as before, they act through the local authorities, to whom they have entrusted the most stringent powers. And the local authorities -- those of Cumberland at least -- while applying these powers relay, in turn, upon the vigilant co-operation of the farmers, because the utmost care of the police and the Government may be frustrated by the carelessness or cupidity of a few individuals. It is to be hoped also, that for a time at least -- until the terror has been removed for the country -- the Corporation of Carlisle will institute a thorough inspection of its weekly cattle market, from which so much minor disease is disseminated through the district. Our urgency will be understood by those who remember the dread period of the last visitation; but to those who do not remember it, or have forgotten it, we may recall a few facts which are upon official record. During the time the plague was prevalent in Cumberland, in 1865 and 1866, the number of cattle which died, from its first outbreak up to the time when the Act was passed requiring the compulsory slaughter of diseased animals, was 1463; the number destroyed during the same period by the owners in endeavouring to check the spread of the disease, was 535. After the Act was passed requiring the compulsory slaughter, 3820 head of cattle were put down as diseased, and 1814 cattle which had been in contact with the diseased animals were slaughtered. The plaque broke out on 642 farms, and among the cattle in 56 fields on other farms. The total lumber of cattle and other animals lost by its ravages was 7632. The amount granted in compensation to the owners of the cattle which were compulsorily slaughtered was over £45,000, and the cost of additional policemen, who were employed on the frontier lines and other places for the purpose of enforcing the regulations, with other necessary expenses for disinfectants, &c., was about £12,000. Surely every nerve should be strained to avert a repetition of so terrible a disaster; and it can be averted if all concur in using a decent amount of vigilance and circumspection.