THE EPIDEMIC AMONGST CATTLE.
(To the Editor of the Carlisle Patriot)
SIR, - Having read an account given in the "Dublin Evening Post", of the 9th inst., taken from your paper, of an epidemic amongst cattle named ' pleuro neumonia ', which has been very fatal to cattle in your neighbourhood, as well as many parts of England, I beg to say that the same disease has been and is still prevalent in this country, and here, the following remedy, to which, if you think it worth notice, you can give publicity, has been found a safe and effectual cure in the generality of cases.
Any description of the disease itself would occupy too much room, and unfortunately it is too general to be needed; but if the following remedy be applied in a judicious and proper manner, great benefits will be found to result to it.
As soon as the animal is perceived to be affected with the disease, it should be bled largely, according to its age and constitution, but bleeding will be of no avail after the third day of the disease. The inflammation is so acute and violent in its action, that suppuration takes place very soon if the animal be not relieved in the earliest stages of the disease, and then death inevitably ensues in a very short time.
In six hours after bleeding let the following drench be given: Take of Glaubers salts 1 lb., of tartar emetic 1-1/2 dram, dissolve in one quart of either boiled or distilled water. This will be a proper dose for cows, heifers, and bullocks, from three years old and upwards. For animals under three years old, it should be less in proportion.
The immediate effect of this drench will be to make the animal sick and dull; but when it has operated, these effects will disappear.
If the inflammatory symptoms be severe, the windpipe generally becomes much filled with a kind of mucus froth, and in such cases the subjoined embrocation, which should be rubbed in night and morning, will be found very efficacious, viz: - 8 oz. of turpentine, 2 oz. spirit of hartshorn, and 1 oz. of tincture of catharides, mixed well together. This must be well rubbed in along the course of the windpipe, from the head to the breast.
The diet during the disease should be warm bran mashes and mucilaginous drinks, composed of oat and flax seed meal.
I trust this remedy will be found useful in your district, and if any of the farmers try it on their cattle, it is desirable they should communicate the result to the public.
I am, Sir yours, &c.,
J. W. COWELL, M.D.
Tullamore, King's County, Ireland
November 10, 1843.