Sir, - As there are many readers of antiquarian subjects in this county now, who evince a keen interest in everything that will shed light on the past history of our own and other races, perhaps the following may be of use in keeping the fire of desire for knowledge on these matter burning, and stimulate further inquiry both at home and abroad.
    Archaeology  is an interesting study and never fails to be of interest to those who engage in it. A native of Maryport, now residing sometimes in Arizona, and sometimes in New Mexico, contributes the following reference to the inquiries of an antiquarian friend: -
    The discovery of a deserted city, sixty miles long cut out of the rocky face of a winding cliff, has rewarded the efforts of the Stevenson Smithsonian Institution exploring party during its researches in New Mexico and Arizona, in the past season. This by far the most important find yet made among the ancient haunts of the cliff dwellers. Some of the houses contain four or five dwellings, one on top of the other, and on the plateau above the cliff we found many ruins of temples of worship, built of well cut square stones.
    A comparison of the collections of pottery and implements  gathered in the cliff houses by the exploring party, with these obtained in the Pueblo villages, strengthens the theory that the Pueblo Indians are the degenerate descendants of the once powerful race that built the ruined cities of the plains, and then retreating before some more  warlike foe carved out these singular dwellings on the sheer edge of dizzy precipices, and found in them, it may be for centuries, both fortresses and homes.
    Perhaps the hieroglyphic inscriptions seen by Mr. STEVENSON will one day be deciphered  and be found to contain the tragic history of the wasting away by wars and famines of this ill-fated people, who like the conies of the Bible, made the rocks their refuge.
Yours truly,   C.
Maryport, April 4th.